Why you must answer a debt collection lawsuit

August 27, 2009 by Todd Murray · Leave a Comment 

So you’ve been served with a debt collection lawsuit and don’t know what to do? The first step is to answer the lawsuit in a timely manner. In Minnesota, for example, you must answer the lawsuit within 20 days of being served. Other states may have different deadlines. Check with a consumer lawyer in your area if you are unsure. This post will walk you through the process of answering the lawsuit.

If you don’t answer the lawsuit within the required time, it is likely that a default judgment will be entered against you. In most states, including Minnesota, this means that the court will enter a final judgment against you based on your failure to answer the complaint, not the merits of the debt collector’s case. You will not get a chance to be heard at a hearing and in most cases a judge won’t even review your case.

Even if you believe you owe the debt, you are entitled to answer the lawsuit and force the creditor to prove its case. Remember, the creditor has the burden of proof and must prove that you agreed to be liable for the account and that you owe the precise amount of money they are seeking. This is even more important when the creditor in your case is a debt buyer.

A debt buyer is a business that purchases delinquent accounts from the original creditor and then sues consumers to collect the debts. Because the debt buyer did not originate the debt, it must rely on the original creditor to provide it with evidence to prove its case. In some cases, the original creditor doesn’t provide the debt buyer with any evidence of the debt. And when the original creditor does provide evidence, it often is just a single billing statement that was generated long after the account became delinquent. Even though they often have insufficient evidence to prove their case, debt buyers still sue out thousands of cases every month because they know that most people won’t respond to the lawsuit. Somewhere in the neighborhood of 90% of collection lawsuits proceed by default and result in judgments being entered against consumers without the creditor having to prove its case.  This basic premise is why collecting purchased debt is a thriving sub-industry. Debt buyers know that they can obtain thousands of judgments without having to produce a single piece of evidence.

S0 if you are served with a collection lawsuit, you need to answer it in a timely manner. This will force the creditor to prove its case. Sometimes they can’t, particularly if the creditor is a debt buyer.

If you live in Minnesota and want help answering a debt collection lawsuit, feel free to contact me by using the contact form in the upper right corner of this page. I offer a number of flexible representation options, so even if you can only afford to pay a few hundred dollars, I might be able to help you.

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About Todd Murray
I'm a consumer rights lawyer in Minneapolis, Minnesota. I sue debt collectors that harass and abuse people, defend debt collection lawsuits, and sue repossession companies that wrongfully repossess cars and trucks.

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I welcome your comments, but please don't post questions about your personal legal problem in this public forum. Rather than posting your question here, I recommend discussing your situation privately with a lawyer of your choice. If you live in Minnesota, feel free to use the contact form in the upper right corner of this page to request an initial consulation with me. To protect your privacy, I will delete all comments that involve a personal legal problem.